Chapter 4. How to talk about doctors


Root/Word Meaning
1. internist a physician specializing in the diagnosis and nonsurgical treatment of diseases, especially of adults.
Latin[internus] inside (Internist)
internal situated or existing in the interior of something; interior
2. gynecologist a physician specializing in gynecology
Greek[gyne] woman (gynecology)
gynecology/gynecological the branch of medical science that deals with the health maintenance and diseases of women, especially of the reproductive organs.
3. obstetrician a physician who specializes in obstetrics
Latin [obstetrix] midwife
Suffix [-ician] expert
4. pediatrician a physician who specializes in pediatrics
Greek[paidos] child
[agogos] leading, leader(pedagogue, demagogue)
pedagogue Versed pedagogy, but with an uunhappy history
pedagogy The leading of children
[pedis] foot
5. dermatologist a specialist in dermatology, especially a doctor who specializes in the treatment of diseases of the skin
[demos] people
demagogue a person, especially an orator or political leader, who gains power and popularity by arousing the emotions, passions, and prejudices of the people.
Greek [derma] skin
Greek[hypos] under
hypodemic 皮下注射
6. ophthalmologist a doctor of medicine specializing in ophthalmology
Greek [ophthalmos] eye
[oculus] eye
ocular adjective refers to the eye
[monos] one
monocle a lens for one eye
[bi-] two
binoculars 双筒望远镜
inoculate an "eye" is made in your skin when you are affected
[-ician] expert
Greek [opsis, optikos] vision, sight
Greek [metron] measurement
7. orthopedist A specialist in orthopedics.
Greek [orthos] straight, correct. .
orthopedistorthopedic coined in 1741 by tht author of a textbook ont the prevention of childhod diseases -- at that time the correction of spinal curavture in children was a main concern
[odontos] tooth
8. cardiologist the study of the heart and its functions in health and disease
Greek[kardia] heart.
[logos] science; study
9. neurologist a physician specializing in neurology
Greek[neuron] nerve.
[algos] pain.
neuralgia pain along the nerves and their branches
suffix [-osis] abnormal or diseased condition.
neurosis/neurotic 神经衰弱
[-itis] inflammation
neuritis inflammation of the nerves
10. psychiatrist a physician who practices psychiatry
Greek[psyche] spirit, soul, mind
psychotic one who lost contact with reality
[iatreia] medical healing.
psychiatrics mind healer
Greek[geras] old.
pediatrics the specialty dealing with the particular medical needs of the elderly
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